American troops taking part in D-Day numbered 23,250 on Utah Beach, 34,250 on Omaha Beach, plus an additional 15,500 airborne troops. Some 1,500 US soldiers lost their lives on D-Day and many more were wounded.
US Army Second World War enlistment records can be searched and accessed online at the US National Archives website. The US National Personnel Records Centre holds Service Records of US Second World War Servicemen.
If you are researching a US serviceman who died during the Second World War and they are buried outside of the United States, their details can be found on the American Battle Monuments Commission website.
If you are researching a US serviceman who died during the Second World War and whose body was repatriated for burial in the United States, then their details will be on the US Veterans Agency’s grave locator. Many Second World War veterans were also buried in US National Cemeteries after leaving the armed forces, and their records can be found on the same website. The US National Archives also hold Missing Aircrew Reports for US airmen who were reported missing.
The International Red Cross hold records of all twentieth century Prisoners of War. The US National Archives also has a database of US Prisoners of War, which can be searched online.
The US National Archives has an Honor List of Dead and Missing Army and Army Air Forces Personnel from the Second World War. There is also a similar list for the US Navy, Marines Corps and Coastguard.
There are useful research guides produced by the US National Archives. The US Army Centre of Military History also provides useful answers to many frequently asked questions.
There are many different military museums in the US, and often individual states have their own military museum. Depending on which unit a person served in, the relevant Regimental or Corps Museum, or the National Museum of the US Army, National Museum of the US Navy, National Museum of the US Air Force, National Museum of the US Marine Corps or the National Coastguard Museum may have some information that may be of use.
Occasionally we receive enquiries from people who are children or other descendants of American or Canadian soldiers who were stationed in the UK in the Second World War, who want to find more about that soldier. In some cases, the soldier left suddenly, possibly to go to Normandy in 1944, and contact with him was lost at that point. GI Trace provides information for people who are trying to trace their American soldier fathers or related family.
Locations of US troops in the UK
Finding the locations of US troops is more straightforward. Click on the links below to see lists of places where US troops were based in the UK from February to August 1944. These lists were compiled from wartime documents by Phil Grinton of California, who has kindly typed them into a searchable form and has agred that they can be made available to the public through the D-Day Story.