|Address||Bury St Edmunds, Bury Saint Edmunds, Suffolk IP32 7QA, UK|
|Site Ownership and Access Information||Most of the site is now an industrial estate, but the control tower now houses Rougham Control Tower Museum, which can be visited by the public.|
|Contact details||See Rougham Control Tower Museum website|
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The United States Army Air Force’s 94th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was based here, equipped with B-17 Flying Fortress bombers. The Group’s squadrons were 331st, 332nd, 333rd and 410th Bombardment Squadrons. In advance of D-Day, the squadrons based here attacked targets such as enemy airfields and coastal defences in France. On the day itself, the Group’s B-17s attacked enemy troop positions, to slow up the German response to the Allied landings.
Personnel and aircraft from the United States Army Air Force began arriving in Britain in early 1942, soon after the United States entered the war. American bombers, flying from bases in East Anglia, joined RAF Bomber Command in attacking industrial targets in Germany, which helped to wear down German military production prior to the D-Day operations. The US bombers were accompanied by long-range fighter aircraft, which engaged the German Air Force’s defending fighters. These battles led to a gradual reduction of the strength of the German fighter aircraft forces, which contributed to the Allied air superiority on 6 June 1944. Closer to D-Day, American bombers also took part in raids on transportation targets in Normandy in order to disrupt the German Army’s ability to move reinforcements, and also attacked enemy coastal defences on and near the landing beaches.