Time Label: 1944

April 1944

The Royal Navy begins a campaign of mine-laying off German bases along the Channel coast. These minefields were intended to prevent the fast German motor torpedo boats (known as E-Boats)…

28 April 1944

Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay, the Allied naval commander, moves his headquarters to Southwick House, just north of Portsmouth. Next month, many of the other Allied commanders and headquarters will also…

7 April 1944

General Montgomery presents his plans for the D-Day landings to the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, the other Allied commanders and the British chiefs of staff.

April 1944

The Allied commanders and their staffs have completed the overall plan for D-Day. Now the less senior officers in charge of the actual units (brigades, regiments and battalions) that will…

March 1944

After many months of debate, the Combined Chiefs of Staff (the American and British heads of the armed forces) decide to delay the planned landings in the South of France….

6 March 1944

Allied air forces carry out the first of many raids on the French railway network. This is part of the Transportation Plan, which aims to reduce the Germans’ ability to…

January 1944

Midget submarines of the Combined Operations Pilotage Parties – COPP – secretly visit the Normandy beaches to take sand samples. These are needed to confirm that the sand on certain…

1 April 1944

A 10-mile strip along much of Britain’s coastline becomes a restricted zone. Civilians living outside the zone are forbidden from entering it, and those inside cannot leave.

4 March 1944

The Allied headquarters for D-Day (SHAEF, or Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force) moves from Norfolk House in central London to Bushy Park, on the western outskirts of the capital. It…

February 1944

Over a long period, Allied air forces – RAF Bomber Command, and the United States Army Air Force’s 8th Air Force – have been making a series of heavy air…

January 1944

With the new year, the planning for D-Day takes on greater urgency. The newly appointed Allied commanders begin revising the draft plans that had been drawn up by COSSAC. In…